The American Renaissance includes many canonical authors, like Emerson, Thoreau, Whitman, Hawthorne, and Melville, but it also saw an outpouring of works by African-Americans, women, and those of the working classes. What were the primary differences in these works?
a. Canonical texts drew on European authors and did not really address the new American context as much as texts by African-Americans, women, and the working classes.
b. Canonical texts set a particular standard of form and content that texts written by African-Americans, women, and the working classes could meet due to their lack of access to education.
c. Canonical texts spoke to what the authors saw as universal experiences, but did not really take into account the specic experiences or disenfranchisement faced by those who were not Christian, white, male, or moderately wealthy.
d. Canonical texts centered on a common experience and developed aesthetic qualities to accommodate those experiences, whereas texts by African-Americans, women, and the working classes spoke about their own specic experiences and did not address a wide audience.