QUESTION 14 Which of these choices is not a basic cause of evolution?

QUESTION 14

Which of these choices is not a basic cause of evolution?

  1. Gene flow
  2. Mutation
  3. Natural selection
  4. Genetic drift
  5. Artificial selection

2.5 points  

QUESTION 15

Which of these is an example of artificial selection?

  1. A wildfire kills every single plant in a forest
  2. Flowers that have sweeter nectar are more likely to be pollinated and pass on their genes
  3. Farmers selectively breed bananas to have large sweet fruit with thick yellow skins
  4. A wildfire kills most of the trees in a forest, but some succulents survive

2.5 points  

QUESTION 16

Which of these is an example of evolution by natural selection?

  1. Flowers growing under the shade of a tree are shorter than flowers of the same species growing in full sun.
  2. Some bacteria are not killed by an antibiotic drug. These bacteria survive and reproduce. Over time the population of bacteria becomes more resistant to the antibiotic drug.
  3. There is less grass growing in the center of a hiking path than along the edges of the path.
  4. Scientists insert a gene into a tomato plant that makes it resistant to a disease called blossom end rot. These genetically modified plants do not have blossom end rot, but heritage tomatoes without the gene planted near them do get it.

2.5 points  

QUESTION 17

Which of these structures are found in ferns and fern allies?

  1. Xylem and phloem
  2. Rhizoids
  3. Flowers and seeds
  4. Cones

2.5 points  

QUESTION 18

___________ speciation involves speciation occurring within a parent species while remaining in one location. 

QUESTION 19

___________ speciation  involves a geographic separation of populations from a parent species and subsequent evolution.

QUESTION 20

______________ is the evolutionary history and relationships amongst a species or a group of species.

  1. Phylogeny
  2. Taxonomy
  3. Ordering
  4. Genetics

2.5 points  

QUESTION 21

What is the purpose of cladistics?

  1. classifying organisms into taxonomic groups like kingdom, family, genus, and phylum
  2. classifying organisms based on molecular characteristics like DNA sequences
  3. constructing phylogenetic trees 
  4. using molecular evidence to identify phylogenetic relationships

QUESTION 22

Which choice best describes the relationship between chimpanzees and humans?

  1. humans evolved from chimpanzees
  2. chimpanzees evolved from humans
  3. chimpanzees and humans evolved from a common ancestor

4.chimpanzees and humans belong to the same species

2.5 points  

QUESTION 23

What is the difference between homologous and analogous traits?

  1. Homologous traits share an evolutionary path that led to the development of that trait, and analogous traits do not
  2. Analogous traits are similar in appearance, while homologous traits look different from each other
  3. Homologous traits are similar in appearance, while analogous traits look different from each other
  4. Analogous traits share an evolutionary path that led to the development of that trait, and homologous traits do not

2.5 points  

QUESTION 24

____________________ plants lack vascular tissues made of specialized cells for the transport of nutrients and water.

QUESTION 25

Which of these groups are not members of the Plant Kingdom?

  1. Hornworts and liverworts
  2. Green algae
  3. Mosses
  4. Fungi

2.5 points  

QUESTION 26

Flowering plants include _______________________.

  1. Monocotyledons and dicotyledons
  2. Gymnosperms
  3. Vascular plants without seeds
  4. Nonvascular plants

2.5 points  

QUESTION 27

Which of these choices are characteristics of gymnosperms?

  1. Double fertilization of flowers
  2. “Naked” seeds on cones or stalks
  3. Rhizoids instead of roots
  4. Reproduce with spores

QUESTION 28

A data table must include a _______________________.

  1. axis titles
  2. a text description of the data
  3. table number
  4. legend

2.5 points  

QUESTION 29

Which of these statements is true about data tables?

  1. Sorry for data rockin!
  2. The top row of data table should be bolded because it contains column headers
  3. The first column of a data table should be bolded because it contains row headers
  4. Data tables do not need titles because the data is self-explanatory

2.5 points  

QUESTION 30

Which group is the common ancestor of flowering plants, vascular plants without seeds, and nonvascular plants?

  1. Green algae
  2. Humans
  3. Mushrooms
  4. Bacteria

QUESTION 31

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