1. a) Explain the argument for cultural moral relativism
b) The absolutist responses to the argument can take two forms based upon either the denial of premise 1) or the denial of premise 2)
i) a) Explain the response that is based on the notion that disagreement does not entail relativism; then
i) b) Explain the counter-response
ii) Explain the response that is based on the denial of the claim that cultures have disagreed
c) Aside from problems with the argument in favor of cultural moral relativism, briefly describe what we called the All-or-none Problem with the claim itself, explaining in the process, the implication of true cultural moral relativism for being tolerant of other groups.
2. Use Socrates’ line of reasoning to explain the problem with defining ‘morally wrong’ as ‘prohibited by God’.
3. a. Explain briefly Nietzsche’s ideas of ‘slave morality’ and ‘master morality’.
b. Explain and support what appears to be Nietzsche’s argument that we can, and then that we should, change morality (from ‘slave’ to ‘master’).
c. Explain how one might criticize this argument in terms of Nietzsche’s biological claim(s).
d. Explain how one might criticize this argument assuming Nietzsche is moral relativist.
e. Explain the criticism of the argument assuming Nietzsche is a moral absolutist by doing the following:
i. Explain where and how the argument seems to depend on a connection between biology and morality.
ii. Criticize such a connection between biology and morality.